Calocedrus (common name incense-cedar) is a genus of four species of coniferous trees in the cypress family Cupressaceae. Of course, their adequate water supply favors their uninterrupted growing, and is a basic prerequisite for the survival of seedlings. Several other species of trees are sometimes called cedar. The generic name means "beautiful cedar". If in the meantime new species emerges, it reserves the right to include it. It includes only one species, Cryptomeria japonica (synonymous with Cupressus japonica L.f.). Among other things, the logs of the tree are suitable for columns supporting the electrical and telecommunication network and are used even for the manufacture of pencils, boxes and pallets. The Hinoki is growing, and burst out of the grafting tape (buddy tape) within a few months, which is a sure sign of a good take. They are native to the mountains of the western Himalayas and the Mediterranean region , occurring at altitudes of 1,500–3,200 m in the Himalayas and 1,000–2,200 m in the Mediterranean. Calocedrus (common name incense-cedar) is a genus of four species of coniferous trees in the cypress family Cupressaceae. It is used for the manufacture of furniture and handicrafts which have for many years retained the aroma of Cedar. Eastern Red Cedar. Spruce trees are native to cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Its range is from Nova Scotia to northern Florida, and west to the Dakotas and Texas. The article References with the euphonic title Genus Cedrus (Cedrus Trew): Classification, Description and Uses, makes it an honor to present them, the legendary group of Tuareg Terakaft, with their song Amazzagh. The ancients made cedarwood oil from Lebanon cedar, a true cedar of the genus Cedrus, However, the species used for modern cedar chests and closets in North America is Juniperus virginiana, and cedarwood oil is now typically derived from various junipers and cypresses (of the family Cupressaceae). Juniperus virginiana, known as red cedar, eastern redcedar, Virginian juniper, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and aromatic cedar, is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. The pollen cones are slender ovoid, 3–8 cm long, produced in late summer, and shedding pollen in autumn. Six species of incense cedar are found in New Zealand, New Caledonia, and southern Chile; two species, L. chilensis and L. decurens, are cultivated in the Crimea and Transcaucasia. The ethnobotany use of the genus Cedrus trees, as well as their derivatives, was widely spread among the populations who lived and living around them. [23] The name was similarly applied to citron and the word citrus is derived from the same root. pallasiana and P. brutia). The wood of Cedrus libani is of medium hardness, extremely fragrant and very durable. Cedars are very popular ornamental trees, and are often cultivated in temperate climates where winter temperatures do not fall below circa −25 °C. The Cupressus is the generic name whereas the nootkatensis is the specific name. Spanish cedar. They are found in the Himalayas and the Mediterranean region and are often grown in parks and gardens. Their dimensions vary in length from 5 to 14 cm (1.9-5.5 in. "It belongs to the Juglandaceae family, a group that also includes hickories and pecans (Carya spp.). Spruce pulp is important in the paper industry, and several species are cultivated for their attractive forms. Its sharing, possibly, useful. The female cones are also erect, resinous, woody, while growing in the peripheral branches. Cedar, in Canada, refers to evergreen conifers (genus Thuja) of the cypress family (Cupressaceae).They are also called arbor vitae [Latin, "tree of life"]. The term Spanish cedar refers to a group of 6 or more species in the Cedrelo genus that are distributed from southern Mexico to northern Argentina. The heart wood varies from white to pink, the texture is usually coarse and uneven and has a non interlocking grain. Mulanje cedar can reach 45 metres (148 feet) in height; it was once the most valuable timber tree of the genus, though it was later listed as a critically endangered species by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The seeds are irregularly triangular and are covered by a membrane that ends in a broad wing, giving them a winged shape. Common Names: Red Cedar, grave yard tree Genus: Juniperus Species: virginiana. Deodar cedar (Cedrus deodara): the largest, most common, and easiest to recognize of the true cedars. An American juniper, Juniperus virginiana, is also known as the eastern-red cedar. Spruce trees are native to cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It is technically not a true Cedar, that is a member of the genus Cedrus. Two other trees are commonly confused with redwoods, but each is a separate genus: giant sequoia, Sequoiadendron, and dawn redwood, Metasequoia. Gernandt, T.F. "Report on frost damage to trees in Denmark after the severe 1981/82 and 1984/85 winters". It prefers to grow in lower elevations, but it can be found from sea level to approximately 7500 feet (2290 m) above sea level. It is endemic to Japan, where it is known as 杉 (sugi) in the Japanese language. Cryptomeria is a genus of only 1 species; C.Japonica. Used mainly as an inlay or for stringing lines from the sixteenth century. Known for its graceful appearance and being incredibly strong for its small to medium size, the red cedar is found in the eastern and northern states of America. Common name. False cedars, sometimes known as "New World" cedars, are found in North America. The life span of each individual leaf is from 3 to 6 years. In China, it is known as 劉山 (liu shan). density 0.67 BOXWOOD. The seed cones are barrel-shaped, 6–12 cm long and 3–8 cm broad, green maturing grey-brown, and, as in Abies, disintegrate at maturity to release the winged seeds. The genus cedar is composed of four species that are evergreen, coniferous and monoecious trees. Species belonging to the genus Cedrus enter in the reproductive phase after plants mature, which may, in some of them, last for 30 to 40 years. 1. Cedrus deodara wood is used in all types of construction, in woodworking and carpentry, and is also used in the form of plywood. Sort order. The parent materials of True Cedar forests is usually consisting of sandstones, mica schist, serpentine and olivine basalt. Cedar trees need plenty of space to grow due to their large height and width. Its name is misleading since it is a juniper and not a cedar. Allozyme Differentiation and Phylogeny of Cedar Species. In Mill, R.R. The species included in the genus Cedrus occupy a relatively small area of the Northern Hemisphere and form forests more or less extensive, pure or with Firs (Abies cilicica, A.numidica), Oaks (Quercus ilex, Q. rotundifolia and Q. cerris), Junipers (Juniperus excelsa and J. foetidissima), as well as Pines (Pinus nigra subsp. They usually have a trunk and a dense or moderate density crown, which is characterized as fine texture. Thuja plicata, commonly called western red cedar or Pacific red cedar, giant arborvitae or western arborvitae, giant cedar, or shinglewood, is a species of Thuja, an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae native to western North America. Spanish Cedar. This specific use of cedar is mentioned in The Iliad, Book 24, referring to the cedar-roofed or lined storage chamber where Priam went to fetch treasures to be used as ransom. It prefers to grow in lower elevations, but it can be found from sea level to approximately 7500 feet (2290 m) above sea level. Taxus Genus (yew) 13 Species with 172 Trinomials. (1991). In Africa, this is Guards Thompson, which is called fragrant cedar, in Asia it is Burmese cedar. Cedar trees are closely related to the Firs as they both have a very similar cone structure. Ancient Greek and Latin used the same word, kédros and cedrus, respectively, for different species of plants now classified in the genera Cedrus and Juniperus (juniper). Its needles are 1 to 2 inches long and are yellow-green to blue-green in color. … The branches tend to grow out from the trunk broad and level. They can grow in any type of soil, and will take over abandoned fields … This is reflected in the fact that Cedar’s natural habitats are in exceptionally good drainage soils, mainly calcareous. They are native to the mountains of the western Himalaya and the Mediterranean region. Taxonomic rank: "genus" Taxon group: "conifer" Habitat: "terrestrial" Section . There are five species in the genus, two native to North America and three native to eastern Asia. home > true cedar genus True Cedars (Cedrus) Evergreen needles are borne primarily in dense clusters;current year needles are borne singly. All species in the genus Cedrus are monoecious. 10/14/10. cedar, common name for a number of trees, mostly coniferous evergreens. The desire of the site traveler to backing the unpaid site’s creators is his inalienable right. They are of a horizontal-looking appearance and shape that varies from wide hemispherical – umbrella to conical – pyramid. Cedars are adapted to mountainous climates; in the Mediterranean, they receive winter precipitation, mainly as snow, and summer drought, while in the western Himalaya, they receive primarily summer monsoon rainfall and occasional winter snowfall . Species. Although the strobilus (cones) are in the same tree, the males and females grow in different branches. Acclimatization of citrus fruits in the Mediterranean region. For example, Cupressus nootkatensis (commonly referred to as yellow cedar). True Cedars trunk has a diameter of between 1 and 3 m (3-10 ft). In terms of pH soil reaction is concerned, the tolerable range is remarkably large, since the Cedars are adapted to both acidic and alkaline soils and to pH values that are mostly between 5.3 and 8.2. False cedars, sometimes known as "New World" cedars, are found in North America. Cedrus, common English name cedar, is a genus of coniferous trees in the plant family Pinaceae (subfamily Abietoideae). This genus has sporophylls grouped in a stalked, terminal strobilus (compare with Huperzia). The wood of Cedrus atlantica is also fragrant and durable. Some cedar trees, like the blue atlas, grow more than 100 feet. In this endeavour, the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia‘ adopt the view of four, because – strictly scientifically – it is more generous than the others. Explore similar videos at Adobe Stock They also show excellent adaptation to water scarcity, since the majority of Cedar species can tolerand long periods of drought. It is native to Oregon and northwestern California.. Species (15) Lifeforms. And to say things by their names, addresses the genus Cedrus, which includes Cedrus deodara, C. libani, C. atlantica and C. brevifolia. Bolivia and Brazil (In addition, Colombia, Guatemala, and Peru listed their national populations) #5. In this endeavour, the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia’ deals with this small genus – its classification, description and exploitation. Cryptomeria Japonica is an evergreen, monoecious, coniferous tree native to the forests of China, Korea and Japan. The genus-species is the standard format of naming an organism. In the natural habitat, they are adapted to a very high altitude of more than 1000 meters above the sea level. Αρχική | Home » PLANTS » Genus Cedrus (Cedrus Trew): Taxonomy, Description & Uses. (ed.). Cedars produce a resinous spicy scented wood, with thick ridged or square cracked bark. In some cases, the botanical name alludes to this usage, such as the genus Calocedrus, meaning "beautiful cedar" (also known as "incense cedar"). However, because the insertion of the leaves on the short branchlets is dense (15-45), they seem as that they are arranged in clusters. Sell, P. D. (1990). Beech (Fagus) is a genus of ten species of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae BIRCH. Several species of genera Calocedrus, Thuja, and Chamaecyparis in the Pacific Northwest having similarly aromatic wood are referred to as "false cedars" . Andrews, A. C. 1961. However, what loses in massiveness replenishes it in utility and beauty. All true cedars are members of the pine family Pinaceae). True cedars are members of the genus Cedrus and include species such as the Lebanon cedar, Atlas cedar, and Cyprus cedar. These conifers are not native and for the most part have not naturalized to North America. Arborvitae, (genus Thuja), (Latin: “tree of life”), any of the five species of the genus Thuja, resinous, evergreen ornamental and timber conifers of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to North America and eastern Asia. Another shot of it, showing the shari that Yellow Cedar is coveted for. Whether or not to be accepted, that is, in general, another story. 10/14/10. Taxus, as described in 1753 by Carolus Linnæus (1707 – 1778), in Species Plantarum 2, is a genus small coniferous trees or shrubs in the yew family, Taxaceae. The Eastern Red Cedar is a small evergreen that commonly grows to a height of 10-50 feet. The genus Cedrus includes evergreen conifers of impressive presence and big growth trees. The maturation and dispersal of cedar cones and seeds. The brighter, denser shoot is the Hinoki scion, the grayer, leggier growth is the Yellow Cedar stock plant. occupy the membranous wing, and for the width of 0.4 to 0.7 cm (0.15-0.27 in.). As the name implies, it can be found primarily in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Cedrus, common English name cedar, a genus of coniferous trees in the plant family Pinaceae; Cedar (plant), including a list of trees and plants known as cedar; Places United States. pallasiana and P. brutia). Growing cedar is a very difficult thing. Cedrela fissilis. Within their natural development zone, True Cedars are mainly located in the mountainous areas. Genus: Diphasiastrum ground-cedar. Listing Country. False Cedars (Calocedrus, Thuja, Chamaecyparis)"False cedar" is a name commonly used for several species of Pacific Northwest trees that occur in 3 separate, but similar looking, genera; none are "true" cedars, which occur in the genus, Cedrus.False cedars are commonly grouped together because they share the following characteristics: Spruce, genus of about 40 species of evergreen ornamental and timber trees in the family Pinaceae. Species of both genera are native to the area where Greek language and culture originated, though as the word kédros does not seem to be derived from any of the languages of the Middle East, it has been suggested the word may originally have applied to Greek species of juniper and was later adopted for species now classified in the genus Cedrus because of the similarity of their aromatic woods. 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